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Shift of 50-year-old Indian war memorial stirs controversy

India’s government on Friday moved a commemorative flame that was lit 50 years ago to honor Indian soldiers killed in a 1971 war with Pakistan to a new National War Memorial that was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi nearly three years ago.

The move triggered strong protests from opposition leaders, who said extinguishing the “eternal flame” was tantamount to erasing history.

A soldier lit a torch from the flame at its location at the India Gate and carried it to the National War Memorial, less than half a kilometer (a third of a mile) away. The original flame was then extinguished.

This handout photograph provided by the Indian Army shows a soldier light a torch from the eternal flame for a ceremonious march to the war memorial, less than half a kilometer away, in New Delhi, India, Friday, Jan. 21, 2022. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government came under fire from the opposition on Friday for shifting "an eternal flame” honoring Indian soldiers killed in the 1971 war with Pakistan to a new National War Memorial he inaugurated nearly three years ago. Rahul Gandhi, a top Congress party leader, accused the government of “removing history” by extinguishing the flame at the India Gate. The flame was lit by his grandmother and then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1972. (Indian Army via AP)

The government said the flame was relocated because all homage ceremonies will now be conducted at the National War Memorial.

Previously, annual national day celebrations on Republic Day on Jan. 26 have began with the prime minister paying tribute to soldiers at the India Gate memorial.

Rahul Gandhi, a top opposition Congress party leader, accused the government of “removing history.” The flame at India Gate was lit by his grandmother, then-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, in 1972.

This handout photograph provided by the Indian Army shows soldiers carry a torch lit from the eternal flame in a ceremonious march to the war memorial, less than half a kilometer away, in New Delhi, India, Friday, Jan. 21, 2022. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government came under fire from the opposition on Friday for shifting "an eternal flame” honoring Indian soldiers killed in the 1971 war with Pakistan to a new National War Memorial he inaugurated nearly three years ago. Rahul Gandhi, a top Congress party leader, accused the government of “removing history” by extinguishing the flame at the India Gate. The flame was lit by his grandmother and then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1972. (Indian Army via AP)

Kanchan Gupta. a media adviser to the information ministry, defended the government decision.

"The flame at the India Gate is not extinguished, but it is being merged with the flame at the National War Memorial,” Gupta said.

The original flame was part of the India Gate memorial arch complex, built during British colonial rule to honor soldiers who died in World War I and the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919. The landmark has names of soldiers inscribed on its surface.

G.G. Dwivedi, a retired army general and defense analyst, said the controversy over the flame should be put to rest because there can’t be two flames honoring Indian soldiers in close proximity of each other.

Prime Minister Modi tried to end the dispute by tweeting that a statue of Subhas Chandra Bose, an independence leader, will be installed at the India Gate.