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Siberian tigers, Amur leopards flourish in northeast China's national park

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Siberian tigers, Amur leopards flourish in northeast China's national park

2024-05-18 22:15 Last Updated At:05-19 10:04

China's efforts to enhance habitat environments in northeastern areas for Amur leopards and Siberian tigers are yielding significant results, with a notable population increase recorded at the Northeast China Tiger and Leopard National Park over the past three years.

The national park stands alone as the critical breeding ground and refuge for wild Siberian tigers and Amur leopards in China, with strict national policies spurring a remarkable comeback for the endangered cats.

Last December, China Central Television reported that in a rare incident, an 8-year-old male leopard had been attacked and eaten by an adult male Siberian tiger in the park.

A few months after the incident, another leopard moved into the territory previously occupied by the deceased leopard numbered as No. 73. Notably, this leopard had never been recorded in the database, and its identity remained unexplored.

"Using AI identification, we compared our database and discovered that this is a new leopard. He has been frequently spotted in the former territory of leopard No. 73. Given this behavior, it's likely that the male leopard will soon claim the territory left vacant by leopard No. 73," said Feng Limin, a professor at the College of Life Sciences of Beijing Normal University.

Frequent sightings of a new male leopard in the past month suggest a thriving population. This quick replacement, following a prior death, reflects the Amur leopard's rapid recovery in the park. It also indicates a healthy ecosystem with robust reproduction for both tigers and leopards.

Furthermore, monitoring data reveals a significant acceleration in the recovery of the park's tiger and leopard populations.

"Before the pilot project of the Northeast Tiger and Leopard National Park started in 2015, our country's wild Siberian tiger population stood at 27, while the leopard population was 42. By the end of the pilot project in 2021, the number of wild Siberian tigers in the park had surpassed 50, and the wild leopard population had exceeded 60. According to the latest monitoring data, approximately 70 wild Siberian tigers and 80 wild leopards currently inhabit the park, spanning 11,000 square kilometers, which accounts for nearly 80 percent of the park's total area," said Duan Zhaogang, head of the park's administration bureau.

In 2023 alone, the park welcomed 20 new wild Siberian tiger cubs and 15 wild leopard cubs. When comparing the data from nearly 10 years ago, it's evident that the survival rate of wild tigers and leopards has risen from 33 percent in 2015 to nearly 50 percent today, according to the data.

Siberian tigers, Amur leopards flourish in northeast China's national park

Siberian tigers, Amur leopards flourish in northeast China's national park

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Cargo throughput surges as China's ports streamline customs clearance

2024-07-20 07:14 Last Updated At:08:27

China's border ports have been implementing a range of cargo facilitation policies, leading to a surge in cargo throughput, with a nearly 57 percent year-on-year increase in the inspection of transportation vehicles in the first half of 2024.

According to the data recently released by the National Immigration Administration, China's ports inspected about 15.42 million vehicle, vessel, and train trips in the first six months of this year, a 56.9 percent jump from the same period last year.

The border ports have rolled out a series of measures to streamline customs clearance for cargo. At major land ports, fast lanes have been set up for the rapid release of critical supplies. At major seaports, online declaration has been enabled for border inspection boarding. In international shipping, arriving vessels can have much faster departures thanks to the efficient inspections.

The combined sea-rail transport model, utilizing maritime routes and the China-Europe freight train service, has made the port of Lianyungang in east China's Jiangsu Province one of the most convenient and economical gateways to the sea. It handles more than 80 percent of Kazakhstan's transit cargo to China.

At the port, containers carrying with auto parts, home appliances, and other products are offloaded, hoisted onto trucks, and then loaded onto China-Europe freight trains bound for destinations like Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

"From unloading to boarding the freight train, the entire process can now be completed in as little as eight minutes. These containers are expected to reach the border ports within six days, greatly reducing transportation time and cost," said a logistics company employee.

The Youyi Pass in the southern Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, also known as Friendship Pass, on the China-Vietnam border is an important cross-national trade channel. To enhance the clearance efficiency of imported fruits, the port has established "durian-only" channels and green channels for agricultural products, as well as an intelligent inspection assistance system. A Chinese cargo truck can now clear customs in just 15 seconds.

As the country's largest land port for fruit imports and exports, the Youyi Pass saw fruit imports worth 23.92 billion yuan (about 3.3 billion U.S. dollars) in 2023, a 262.9-percent surge year on year.

Pattama Narmwong, chairman of the Thai Mangosteen Association, noted that the greatly improved clearance efficiency has considerably cut down on transportation time and costs, supporting the burgeoning development of fruit trade between China and Southeast Asian nations.

Cargo throughput surges as China's ports streamline customs clearance

Cargo throughput surges as China's ports streamline customs clearance

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