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China's cement companies accelerates pace of

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China's cement companies accelerates pace of

2024-05-19 21:19 Last Updated At:23:57

⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠China's cement companies are accelerating the pace of "going global" with more production lines under construction or proposed in other countries and regions. 

China's cement production totaled 2.023 billion tons in 2023, ranking the first in the world for 38 consecutive years, according to the World Cement Association (WCA) Annual Conference 2024 that opened in Nanjing City of east China's Jiangsu Province on Saturday. 

China's cement output accounted for more than 50 percent of the world's total.

Kong Xiangzhong, executive president of the China Cement Association, said that as of last year, China's domestic cement companies have invested in building 43 cement plants in 21 other countries, whose production capacity of cement clinker is about 44 million tons. There are also about 30 more production lines under construction or proposed. 

Among the Chinese-invested cement factories abroad, the number of wholly Chinese-owned factories accounts for about 40 percent of the total, and that of the joint venture companies about 60 percent.

"The number of specialists and technical experts [with the cement industry] in China is more than in the rest of the world that put together. And so, of course, China will play a very important role in the development of the cement industry" said Ian Riley, CEO of the WCA. 

Meanwhile, the country's cement industry is accelerating its transformation to digitalization and green manufacturing, keeping pace with the country's drive to achieve carbon reduction goals. 

At the World Cement Association's (WCA) Annual Conference which took place from the Oct 24 to 25 in Dubai, China National Building Materials (CNBM) Shanya South Cement Plant was awarded the WCA Model Plant Award for achieving exceptionally low heat and power consumption, excellent clinker quality, and the implementation of the 'intelligent plant' concept, which includes advanced control systems, an intelligent laboratory, and enhanced safety management.

"We have recreated a digital twin factory whose data all comes from the physical one we have. The real-time date collected during the production process, such as safety management and environmental protection management, will be sent to the digital factory," said Zhang Jian, general manager of CNBM Hangzhou Shanya South Cement Co., Ltd.

Digitalization has transformed traditional cement factories into smart ones, and the country's large-scale equipment renewal policy has also benefited this factory.

"This is a new conveyor belt under construction for raw mineral materials transportation. Compared with the traditional open-air ones that are usually built on the hillside, the conveying distance of the new one is cut by one third, the power consumption is reduced by half, but its conveying capacity is doubled," said Zhao Guixiu, deputy general manager of CNBM Hangzhou Shanya South Cement Co., Ltd. 

China released a plan on ultra-low emissions in cement production to reduce pollutant emissions in January this year. The plan requires half of cement clinker production capacity in the country's key regions for air pollution control to complete ultra-low emission transformation by the end of 2025, and 80 percent of China's overall cement clinker production capacity to finish the transformation the end of 2028. 

It marks the ultra-low emission transformation in another traditional industry after coal-fired power plants and the steel industry in China.

In September 2020, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced that the country aims to hit peak carbon emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

China's cement companies accelerates pace of "going global"

China's cement companies accelerates pace of "going global"

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Israeli army may have repeatedly violated laws of war in Gaza: UN report

2024-06-20 02:18 Last Updated At:06:17

The Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) may have repeatedly violated fundamental principles of the laws of war in a series of prohibited indiscriminate attacks on Gaza, according to a report issued by the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Office on Wednesday.

Released during the 56th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, the report details six notable attacks targeting Gaza's residential buildings, a school, refugee camps, and a market between Oct 9 and Dec 2, 2023, which involved the suspected use of GBU-31, GBU-32 and GBU-39 bombs.

"The report details six emblematic attacks involving the suspected use of GBU-31s, or 2,000-pound bombs, GBU-32 1,000-pound bombs, and GBU-39, 250-pound bombs from the 9th of October to the 2nd of December 2023 on residential buildings, a school, refugee camps, and a market," said Jeremy Laurence, the spokesperson for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), at a press briefing in Geneva.

GBU-31, 32 and 39 bombs are mostly used to penetrate through several floors of concrete and can completely collapse tall structures. Given how densely populated the areas targeted were, the use of an explosive weapon with such wide area effects is highly likely to amount to a prohibited indiscriminate attack, the report finds.

The OHCHR has reported that at least 218 deaths have been confirmed as a direct consequence of the six attacks. However, it cautioned that the actual death toll is likely to be significantly higher.

"The report concludes that these Israeli strikes indicate that the IDF may have repeatedly violated fundamental principles of the laws of war. In this connection, it notes that unlawful targeting when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack against a civilian population, in line with a State or organizational policy, may also implicate the commission of crimes against humanity," said Laurence.

The report also says that such unlawful targeting may also implicate the commission of crimes against humanity.

"Israel's choices of methods and means of conducting hostilities in Gaza since the 7th of October, including through the extensive use of explosive weapons with wide area effects in densely populated areas, have failed to ensure that they effectively distinguish between civilians and fighters," said Laurence.

"It became very clear to us that the nature of weapons that were used, especially on a wide area, that have a wide area effect, is extremely dangerous in the context of Gaza, and we have been saying this, in several reports and statements, that Gaza is a very densely populated area. And in these six incidents, we had sufficient information to demonstrate, the civilian casualties, both in terms of the deaths as well as injuries, and where we felt that the principles of international humanitarian law, particularly precaution, distinction, proportionality, were not necessarily followed," said Ajith Sunghay, an official with the OHCHR in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

Although the report primarily focuses on Israel, it also highlights that Palestinian armed groups have continued to fire rockets indiscriminately towards Israel, inconsistent with their obligations under international humanitarian law.

Israeli army may have repeatedly violated laws of war in Gaza: UN report

Israeli army may have repeatedly violated laws of war in Gaza: UN report

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