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China develops lunar version of carrier rocket for moon landing

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China develops lunar version of carrier rocket for moon landing

2024-06-15 17:24 Last Updated At:06-16 01:37

China is developing a lunar version of Long March-10 carrier rockets for its future moon landing missions.

A ground test run for the the first-stage propulsion system of the lunar version rocket was completed on Friday, marking a key step to realize the crewed moon landing goal by 2030.

The Long March 10 adopted a modular design which allows a flexible configuration of modules depending on the need of the mission. Currently the crewed launch vehicle has two main versions for different space missions.

"The lunar version is mainly used to send the lunar lander and manned spacecraft to the lunar orbit, so it has two configurations, one for launching the lander and the other for launching the manned spacecraft. The near-Earth version currently under intensive R and D also has two configurations, and is mainly used in the operation and development stage of the space station project, mainly for transporting people and cargo," said Xu Hongping, an engineer with the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC).

China develops lunar version of carrier rocket for moon landing

China develops lunar version of carrier rocket for moon landing

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Cargo throughput surges as China's ports streamline customs clearance

2024-07-20 07:14 Last Updated At:08:27

China's border ports have been implementing a range of cargo facilitation policies, leading to a surge in cargo throughput, with a nearly 57 percent year-on-year increase in the inspection of transportation vehicles in the first half of 2024.

According to the data recently released by the National Immigration Administration, China's ports inspected about 15.42 million vehicle, vessel, and train trips in the first six months of this year, a 56.9 percent jump from the same period last year.

The border ports have rolled out a series of measures to streamline customs clearance for cargo. At major land ports, fast lanes have been set up for the rapid release of critical supplies. At major seaports, online declaration has been enabled for border inspection boarding. In international shipping, arriving vessels can have much faster departures thanks to the efficient inspections.

The combined sea-rail transport model, utilizing maritime routes and the China-Europe freight train service, has made the port of Lianyungang in east China's Jiangsu Province one of the most convenient and economical gateways to the sea. It handles more than 80 percent of Kazakhstan's transit cargo to China.

At the port, containers carrying with auto parts, home appliances, and other products are offloaded, hoisted onto trucks, and then loaded onto China-Europe freight trains bound for destinations like Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

"From unloading to boarding the freight train, the entire process can now be completed in as little as eight minutes. These containers are expected to reach the border ports within six days, greatly reducing transportation time and cost," said a logistics company employee.

The Youyi Pass in the southern Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, also known as Friendship Pass, on the China-Vietnam border is an important cross-national trade channel. To enhance the clearance efficiency of imported fruits, the port has established "durian-only" channels and green channels for agricultural products, as well as an intelligent inspection assistance system. A Chinese cargo truck can now clear customs in just 15 seconds.

As the country's largest land port for fruit imports and exports, the Youyi Pass saw fruit imports worth 23.92 billion yuan (about 3.3 billion U.S. dollars) in 2023, a 262.9-percent surge year on year.

Pattama Narmwong, chairman of the Thai Mangosteen Association, noted that the greatly improved clearance efficiency has considerably cut down on transportation time and costs, supporting the burgeoning development of fruit trade between China and Southeast Asian nations.

Cargo throughput surges as China's ports streamline customs clearance

Cargo throughput surges as China's ports streamline customs clearance

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